EXPLORING THE NORTHEAST

ID YOU KNOW…

Important dates and fun facts about the development of the Northeast:

Major events

* 1928: Clemson’s Sandhills experiment station is established to conduct research on dairy animals.

* 1930: Trenholm Road is extended from Forest Drive to Two Notch Road.

* 1960: Development of Spring Valley, one of Northeast’s first upscale subdivisions, begins.

* 1966: BlueCross moves its 140 employees to the tower at I-20 and Alpine Road.

* 1969: Spring Valley High School opens, spurring additional residential development.

* 1973: Development of WildeWood begins.

* 1980: More than 9 percent of workers living in Northeast hold managerial or professional jobs.

* 1981: United Technologies announces plans for large plant near Killian.

* 1984: PMSC, now Computer Sciences Corp., moves its offices from downtown Columbia to a 143-acre parcel near I-77’s Exit 24.

* 1987: Area gets new ZIP code with opening of Northeast Post Office on Two Notch Road: 29223.

* 1989: Development of The Summit, a “master-planned” community similar to Harbison, begins.

In a name

* Bookman and Kelly Mill roads are named after two flour and cornmeal mills that sat at the end of a creek, the location today for Lake Carolina community.

* Lake Carolina started out as Rice Creek Plantation, then became Twisted Oaks before Landtech Inc. bought the property and began developing it in 1997.

* Pontiac was a post office called Jacobs Station. The name was changed in the early 1900s to avoid confusion with a town in North Carolina.

* Blythewood was called Doko, most likely an Indian name, until 1877.

* LongCreek Plantation began life as Country Club Estates in the mid-1960s.

* Lake Elizabeth was originally Moore’s Pond.

The road home

The section of I-77 between Parklane and U.S. 21 opened in January 1979. A section from S.C. 277 to U.S. 1 opened in 1981. The interchange complex from Two Notch Road to I-20 opened in 1987. The last section of the Southeastern Beltway, between Decker Boulevard and Percival Road, opened in 1995.

Lay of the land

Natural to the Sandhills region, where the Northeast is located, are scrub oaks and sparkleberry, a shrub. Both have had festivals named after them. The Scrub Oak Festival ended in 1986, but Sparkleberry Country Fair continues today.

Bell Camp

The 250-acre R. G. Bell Camp, once a popular retreat for USC faculty, staff and students, was a gift to the university from the YMCA in 1961. Sunbelt Properties Inc. paid $3.45 million for the 222-acre tract off Polo Road in 1994 and began developing Belleclave in 1992.

Polo, anyone?

For years, polo matches were played on fields where the WildeWood development now sits – hence, the names of today’s Polo and Mallet Hill roads. Matches were open to the public.

A birthday gift

Sesquicentennial State Park was established to commemorate Columbia’s 150th birthday. A group of businessmen bought the 1,450-acre tract for $4 per acre and gave it to the state Forestry Commission as a birthday present to the city in 1937. The park opened in 1940.

Fire service

The firehouse on Sparkleberry Lane, next to Spring Valley High School, was the firstin the Northeast. Before it opened in 1985, there was no fire station beyond Dentsville.

All aboard!

In the 1930s and 1940s, you could catch a train from Blythewood to Columbia. Southern trains out of Columbia stopped at Killian, Blythewood and Ridgeway; Seaboard trains stopped at Dentsville, Jacobs (Pontiac), Blaney (Elgin) and Lugoff.

Two Notches

The Two Notch roads – both the street in Northeast Richland and the country road in Lexington County – got their names because they were once part of the Occaneechi Trail, used by American Indians and marked by two chops carved in the trees.

Killian

Besides a school, Killian once had a post office and brick manufacturing plant.

Changing landscape

* Lonnie B. Nelson, after whom the school is named, owned Nelson’s Grocery on Two Notch.

* The Little Red Schoolhouse sat at the corner of Longtown and Killian roads for more than 80 years. It was a school from the 1920s to 1947, then a community center. The Killian community donated the building to Richland 2 in 2001, and it now sits on the campus of Killian Elementary School.

* The Swindler dairy farm was at Hard Scrabble and Harden roads.

Dentsville

* In the 1930s, Columbia Place mall was the site of the Dent family home, for which the area is named. Samuel Dent, born in 1810, retained many thousands of acres around Arcadia Lakes, Forest Acres and Fort Jackson. He sold much of the land for the Army base to the government for 50 cents an acre. Other family land became Dentsville High School (now Dent Middle), Rehobeth Methodist Church on Two Notch Road, and Sesquicentennial State Park, according to a Dent family history.

* What is now the State Park Health Center between Farrow Road and I-277 was, for nearly 70 years, South Carolina’s tuberculosis sanitarium.

* The original Dent School, in today’s Dent Middle, opened in 1926, with five classrooms, an auditorium and a faculty of five.- Compiled by Dargan RichardsCaption:

PHOTO: COLOR1. Aerial photo of Northeast Richland; By the numbers profile. Graphic by ROB BARGE/THE STATE

2. The Northeast corridor continues to attract large industries, such as Bose, which produces audio systems for cars and homes. Here, Samtellia Elmore works on packaging at the Bose plant in Blythewood. PHOTOGRAPHS BY TRACY GLANTZ AND RENEE ITTNER-MCMANUS/THE STATE

3. Recreational sports are popular among residents. Here, Elizabeth Buckner, 8, returns a volley while Cameron Cliff, 8, and Megan Cleaves, 10 look on during lessons at WildeWood Country Club.

4. Signs at the intersection of Longtown and Killian roads direct drivers to numerous Northeast neighborhood developments.

5. One of the Northeast’s traffic problem areas: Farrow Road, leading onto I-77.

6. Richland 2 schools, considered among the best in South Carolina, are frequently cited as a reason people move to the Northeast. Here, North Springs Elementary first-graders gather for reading time in the library.

7. The variety of housing options is a draw for many moving to the Northeast.

8. Sparkleberry Square has drawn several large stores, including Rack Room Shoes, Pier 1 Imports and Ross Dress for Less. Many retailers are opening new or additional locations in the Northeast.

9-12. In their own words:

Bobby Curtis “The Northeast offers a good mix of locals – poeple born and raised here – and those who are new to the area. It’s a good blend.”

David Marshall “The traffic is murder in the mornings. I think widening Hard Scrabble Road will help in the future.”

Jessica Inbody “I like the friendly community. They’re just down-to-earth people. I know my way around the community because I’ve grown up here. I can’t go anywhere without running into someone I know.”

Robert Dabbs “You have to make new friends because everyone is new and no one knows anyone. I’m thrilled with the sense of community and the quality of education.”

October 15, 2003 | State, The (Columbia, SC)Page: 8 | Section: SPECIAL

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